News from ICBM
More than a year after deployment, the SeaCycler, a prototypic and technically sophisticated marine sensor device, was fished up by the German research vessel Maria S. Merian from the Labrador Sea – much to the delight of scientists from Canada (Dalhousie University and Bedford Institute of Oceanography (BIO)), Germany (ICBM) and the US (Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla).
A delegation of five scientists from the ICBM working group Marine Sensor Systems attended the Oceans ‘17 conference (60th OCEANS conference) in Aberdeen, Great Britain from 19th June to 22nd June 2017. OCEANS ‘17 is a conference with about 500 participants presenting their papers, submitted beforehand. The diversity of 12 parallel sessions over two full days ranged from technical sessions, modelling sessions, show cases up to application examples presented in 15-minute talks plus 5 minutes of discussion.
It has a size of just six centimeters and yet it plays a large role in the Antarctic ecosystem: the micro-crustacean Euphasia superba (Antarctic krill). Scientists have been puzzling for a long time about why the krill stocks vary significantly again and again. An international team of scientists headed by Prof. Dr. Bernd Blasius, Institute for Chemistry and Biology of the Marine Environment (ICBM) of the University of Oldenburg, and Prof. Dr. Bettina Meyer, Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) and ICBM, found out in a recent study: above all, it is the competition for food within the population which is responsible for the fluctuations.
To close research gaps and build a scientific basis for marine protection – these are the aims of the Helmholtz Institute for Functional Marine Biodiversity. On 31st May 2017, the institute was founded officially at the University of Oldenburg. The university and Bremerhaven’s Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) will combine and expand their research excellence in this field. Initially eleven existing research groups from the University of Oldenburg and AWI will work together at the institute, six of them from the Institute for Chemistry and Biology of the Marine Environment (ICBM) and Institute for Biology and Environmental Sciences (IBU), and five from the AWI.
Research under sail – ICBM scientists of the University of Oldenburg currently have this opportunity aboard the two-masted schooner AMAZONE. In cooperation with the faculty for Maritime Studies of the University of Applied Sciences Emden-Leer, students of both academies are being trained in the Baltic sea. Climate protection and green research are the background for the measurements of the ICBM scientists.
One of the largest colonies of gentoo penguins in Antarctica was decimated by volcanic eruptions several times during the last 7,000 years according to a new study. Together with an international team of researchers, led by British Antarctic Survey (BAS), experts of the Institute for Chemistry and Biology of the Marine Environment (ICBM) of the University of Oldenburg studied ancient penguin guano and found the colony came close to extinction several times due to ash fall from the nearby Deception Island volcano. Their results are published in Nature Communications. More only in German
Oldenburg. Prof. Dr. Oliver Zielinski, University lecturer for marine sensor systems, is the new head of the Institute for Chemistry and Biology of the Marine Environment at the University of Oldenburg. He replaces Prof. Dr. Bernd Blasius, who forms still part of the governing body as a deputy director, together with Prof. Dr. Thorsten Dittmar, who joined in recently as well.
Prof. Dr. Oliver Zielinski, deputy director and head of the Marine Sensors Research Group at the ICBM, presented in Hanover the plans to set up a Centre for Marine Sensor Systems in Wilhelmshaven.
Headed by scientists from Oldenburg, Germany's state-of-the-art research vessel "Sonne" will again be cruising the Pacific Ocean from 26th January to 27th February 2017. 24 out of the 40 international scientists are members of the ICBM.
Prof. Dr. Helmut Hillebrand, marine biologist and biodiversity expert at the University of Oldenburg, remains in the list of highly cited scientists. He is listed together with around 3 200 scientists from 21 different research fields. In this list, there are less than 200 scientists from all over Germany, among them eight from Lower Saxony.